What is Velouté sauce used for?


Velouté sauce is one of the five mother sauces in classical French cuisine, alongside Béchamel, Espagnole, Hollandaise, and Tomato. Derived from the French word “velour,” meaning velvet, this smooth and luxurious sauce serves as a blank canvas for a myriad of culinary creations. While its preparation might seem intricate, understanding its versatility and applications can significantly enhance your cooking repertoire.


What is Velouté Sauce?

At its essence, velouté sauce is a simple concoction consisting of a light roux (a mixture of flour and fat) and a light stock, typically chicken, veal, or fish. The roux acts as a thickening agent, imparting a silky texture to the sauce, while the stock contributes flavor and depth.


Applications and Uses:

  1. Base for Other Sauces: Velouté serves as a foundation for numerous derivative sauces, offering endless possibilities for culinary creativity. By incorporating additional ingredients such as herbs, spices, vegetables, cream, or wine, chefs can transform velouté into sauces like supreme, allemande, and Normandy sauce, each with its distinct flavor profile and application.
  2. Accompaniment to Poultry and Seafood: Velouté sauce pairs impeccably with poultry dishes such as roasted chicken, turkey, or duck. Its delicate flavor complements the richness of the meat without overpowering it. Similarly, velouté enhances the natural sweetness of seafood, making it an ideal companion for fish fillets, shellfish, or seafood casseroles.
  3. Component in Gratins and Casseroles: Velouté sauce adds a velvety richness to gratins, casseroles, and baked dishes. Whether layered with vegetables, pasta, or potatoes, velouté provides a creamy base that binds the ingredients together while infusing them with flavor. Classics like gratin dauphinois and seafood gratin benefit greatly from the addition of velouté sauce.
  4. Soup Base: Velouté serves as an excellent foundation for creamy soups, offering a luxurious texture and subtle flavor. By incorporating vegetables, meats, or seafood into the velouté base, chefs can create comforting soups such as cream of mushroom, cream of asparagus, or seafood bisque, perfect for warming the soul on chilly evenings.
  5. Component in Savory Pies and Pastries: Velouté sauce adds moisture and richness to savory pies, pastries, and fillings. Whether used as a filling for chicken pot pie or incorporated into a creamy seafood filling for vol-au-vents, velouté elevates the dish, imparting a luscious texture and depth of flavor.

In essence, velouté sauce is a culinary workhorse, versatile enough to elevate a wide array of dishes with its creamy texture and delicate flavor. Whether serving as a base for other sauces, enhancing poultry and seafood dishes, or enriching gratins and soups, velouté proves to be an indispensable component in the kitchen. Embrace its versatility, experiment with different variations, and let velouté sauce elevate your culinary creations to new heights.