Real Estate Market Braces for Impact: How the 2024 Election Could Shape Housing

Economists Warn of Uncertainty and Potential Market Fluctuations Ahead of Presidential Election


As the 2024 presidential election approaches, real estate economists are raising concerns about its potential impact on the housing market, citing uncertainty surrounding future economic policies and its potential repercussions on affordability and demand. With housing affordability already a pressing issue amid persisting inflation and soaring mortgage rates, experts are closely monitoring how the election cycle may exacerbate existing challenges.

Redfin Chief Economist Daryl Fairweather cautioned that the outcome of the election could significantly influence housing affordability, as policies enacted by the incoming administration and Congress may reshape tax incentives and funding for housing assistance programs. Changes to mortgage interest deductions, capital gains exclusions, and property tax deductions could alter the incentives and affordability of homeownership for various segments of the population. Chief Economist Danielle Hale highlighted the historical trend of rising home sales and prices during election years, attributing these fluctuations to broader economic factors rather than solely to the electoral process. Past election years have coincided with significant global events, including the COVID-19 pandemic, Brexit referendum, and financial crises, contributing to market volatility and uncertainty.


While uncertainty surrounding the election may lead to caution among buyers and sellers, experts suggest that the impact on the housing market is typically modest. However, in Washington, D.C., where political dynamics directly influence employment opportunities, the uncertainty of elections may have a more pronounced effect on market sentiment.

Looking ahead, the outcome of the election could shape Americans’ attitudes toward the housing market and influence President Biden’s re-election prospects. Fairweather noted that Biden’s ability to address housing affordability concerns and mitigate inflationary pressures may play a crucial role in shaping voter perceptions leading up to the election.

Amidst ongoing challenges, including supply shortages and affordability crises, economists emphasize the importance of monitoring market dynamics and policy developments to navigate potential fluctuations in the housing market. While short-term improvements in affordability, such as decreased inflation and mortgage rates, may benefit prospective homebuyers, addressing long-term supply constraints remains essential for sustaining a healthy and resilient housing market beyond the election cycle.