Microsoft Exceeds Earnings Expectations in Q2, Azure Growth Impresses, but Light Guidance Impacts Stock

Microsoft Reports Strong Q2 Earnings Driven by Azure, Provides Cautious Q3 Revenue Outlook


In its fiscal second-quarter results, Microsoft surpassed analysts’ expectations for both earnings and revenue, with particular commendation for the robust performance of its Azure cloud services. However, a conservative outlook for the fiscal third quarter led to a slight decline in Microsoft shares during extended trading.

Key Figures:

– Earnings Per Share: $2.93, exceeding the expected $2.78.


– Revenue: $62.02 billion, surpassing the estimated $61.12 billion.

Financial Highlights:

1. Q2 Revenue Growth: Microsoft reported a year-over-year revenue increase of 17.6% for the quarter ending December 31, reaching $62.02 billion.

2. Intelligent Cloud Segment: The Intelligent Cloud segment, encompassing Azure, SQL Server, Windows Server, Nuance, GitHub, and enterprise services, generated $25.88 billion in revenue, up by 20%. Azure and other cloud services within this segment experienced a 30% growth, exceeding analysts’ expectations.

3. Azure’s AI Impact: Six points of Azure and other cloud services growth were attributed to artificial intelligence. CEO Satya Nadella revealed that Microsoft now boasts 53,000 Azure AI customers, with one-third being new additions within the past year.

4. Productivity and Business Processes: This unit, including Office productivity software, LinkedIn, and Dynamics, achieved $19.25 billion in revenue, surpassing the consensus estimate.

5. More Personal Computing Segment: Contributing $16.89 billion in revenue, this segment, which includes Windows, Surface, Bing, and Xbox, reported a growth of approximately 19%.

6. Acquisitions and Initiatives: Microsoft closed its significant acquisition of video game publisher Activision Blizzard during the quarter, marking its largest deal to date. The company also launched custom cloud chips and introduced the $30 monthly Copilot AI add-on to Microsoft 365 productivity software bundles.

Guidance and Future Outlook:

1. Q3 Revenue Outlook: Microsoft provided a conservative fiscal third-quarter revenue outlook, ranging between $60 billion and $61 billion. Despite this, the company expects lower-than-anticipated cost of revenue and operating expenses for the quarter.

2. Azure Optimization Shift: Satya Nadella indicated a shift in customer behavior, suggesting the end of a period focused solely on cost optimization without initiating new workloads.

3. Microsoft 365 Copilot Adoption: The company expressed enthusiasm about the early adoption of Microsoft 365 Copilot, a $30 monthly add-on, although specific client numbers were not disclosed. Revenue growth for this service is anticipated over time.

Challenges and Workforce Changes:

1. LinkedIn and Gaming Unit Layoffs: Microsoft’s LinkedIn subsidiary reduced around 700 jobs in October, adding to the 10,000 job cuts announced earlier in the year. Additionally, approximately 1,900 employees in the gaming unit faced layoffs, constituting around 9% of the unit’s headcount following the Activision deal.

Despite the after-hours dip, Microsoft shares have shown resilience in 2024, having risen about 9%, outperforming the S&P 500 index’s 3% gain during the same period. The company’s strategic focus on cloud services, especially Azure, continues to be a driving force behind its financial performance.