Knitting 101: A comprehensive guide for beginners


The journey of knitting is exciting, but for beginners, the prospect of needles and yarn can be a bit overwhelming. This step-by-step guide is here to walk you through the basics of knitting, making it easy and enjoyable for even the most novice crafters.

Gather your supplies:

Before diving into the world of knitting, gather your essential supplies. You’ll need knitting needles (size 8-10 for beginners), a skein of yarn, and a pair of scissors. Choose a smooth, light-coloured yarn to make it easier to see your stitches.


Understand the basics:

Start by familiarising yourself with the basic terminology. Learn about terms like “cast on”, “knit”, and “purl”. The cast on is the foundation of your project, while knit and purl are the two fundamental stitches in knitting.

Master the cast on:

Hold one knitting needle and make a slipknot near the end of your yarn. Slip the loop onto the needle and tighten it. Insert the other needle into the loop and wrap the yarn around it, pulling the new loop through. Repeat until you have the desired number of stitches.

Learn the knit stitch:

The knit stitch is the building block of most knitting projects. Hold one needle in each hand, insert the right needle into the first stitch from front to back, and wrap the yarn around the right needle. Pull the new loop through, and slide the old stitch off the left needle. Repeat across the row.

Practice the purl stitch:

The purl stitch is the opposite of the knit stitch. Insert the right needle from back to front, wrap the yarn around, and pull the loop through. Slide the old stitch off the left needle. Alternate between knit and purl stitches to create different textures in your project.

Understand knitting patterns:

As you progress, you’ll encounter knitting patterns that use combinations of knit and purl stitches. Take the time to read and understand these patterns. They often include additional instructions for shaping and creating intricate designs.

Get comfortable with garter stitch:

Garter stitch is achieved by knitting every row. It’s a simple yet versatile stitch that creates a textured fabric. Practice garter stitch until you feel confident in your knitting abilities.

Experiment with stockinette stitch:

Stockinette stitch is created by alternating rows of knit and purl stitches. This stitch results in a smooth side (the knit side) and a bumpy side (the purl side). It’s a classic stitch used in many knitting projects.

Practice tension and consistency:

Achieving even tension and consistent stitches takes practice. Be patient with yourself and focus on creating uniform stitches. Pay attention to your hand placement and how you hold the yarn to develop good habits.

Bind off and finish:

Once you’ve completed your project, it’s time to bind off. Knit the first two stitches, then use the left needle to lift the first stitch over the second. Continue across the row. Cut the yarn, leaving a tail, and pull it through the last loop to secure.

Remember that practice is key, and don’t be afraid to explore new stitches and techniques as you progress. Happy knitting!