Is slugging better than batting average?


In the intricate world of baseball analytics, two fundamental statistics that often find themselves at the forefront of discussions are slugging percentage (SLG) and batting average (BA). These metrics provide valuable insights into a player’s offensive prowess, but a lingering question persists: Is slugging percentage a more meaningful measure than batting average, or do they each have distinct merits in evaluating a player’s overall performance at the plate?

Batting average, a traditional and easily comprehensible statistic, is calculated by dividing the total number of hits by the total number of at-bats. Represented as a three-digit decimal, a high batting average is often associated with consistent contact hitting and the ability to get on base regularly. However, batting average has its limitations, as it doesn’t account for the type of hits (singles, doubles, triples, or home runs) and places equal weight on each hit.

On the other hand, slugging percentage delves deeper into a player’s offensive contributions by assigning varying weights to different types of hits. It takes into account not only the frequency of hits but also the extra bases earned from doubles, triples, and home runs. The formula for slugging percentage is the total bases divided by the total number of at-bats.

Slugging Percentage (SLG)=Total BasesAt-Bats

Pros and Cons:

  1. Batting Average:
    • Pros: Provides a quick and straightforward measure of a player’s contact-hitting ability.
    • Cons: Ignores the quality and impact of hits, treating all hits equally.
  2. Slugging Percentage:
    • Pros: Offers a more nuanced view of a player’s offensive contributions, emphasizing extra-base hits.
    • Cons: Does not account for a player’s ability to get on base via walks or hit-by-pitches.


The debate over whether slugging percentage is superior to batting average or vice versa often hinges on the emphasis placed on different aspects of offensive performance. Traditionalists may argue that batting average reflects a player’s consistency in making contact and getting on base, which are undeniably essential skills. However, proponents of slugging percentage contend that it provides a more comprehensive picture by factoring in the impact of hits and a player’s ability to drive in runs.

In the modern era of baseball analytics, advanced metrics like on-base plus slugging (OPS) have gained popularity for combining the strengths of both batting average and slugging percentage. OPS adds these two metrics together, providing a more holistic measure of a player’s offensive capabilities.

Ultimately, the choice between valuing slugging percentage or batting average may depend on one’s perspective on offensive contributions in baseball. While batting average remains a venerable measure of consistency, slugging percentage shines a light on the power and impact of a player’s hits. As the game continues to evolve, the conversation surrounding these statistics will likely persist, with fans and analysts exploring new metrics that offer a more nuanced understanding of a player’s performance at the plate. Whether you’re a traditionalist or an advocate for advanced analytics, both slugging percentage and batting average contribute valuable insights to the rich tapestry of baseball statistics.