GCSE results show progress and disparities: Gender gap narrows, but geographical divide widens


As GCSE results are unveiled this year, a mixture of progress and inequalities are brought to light. Despite a downward adjustment in overall grades to align them with 2019 levels rather than the pandemic-inflated figures of the previous year, students are being encouraged to take pride in surpassing pre-pandemic achievements.

The gender gap in top grades between boys and girls, which had widened during the pandemic, has now narrowed to its smallest level since at least 2016. Boys achieved 19.5% of entries graded 7 or above, while girls achieved 25.3%. This positive change was largely attributed to boys’ improved performance in subjects like mathematics.

In contrast, the geographical gap in grading has widened, with London consistently outperforming other English regions. Approximately 28.4% of London’s grades were seven or above, creating a 10.8 percentage point difference compared to the north-east, which is the region with the lowest top grade attainment. Attendance levels could be influencing this discrepancy, as preliminary data suggests higher attendance rates in London schools.


Creative subjects experienced declines, whereas statistics, social sciences, and business studies witnessed notable increases in entries. Spanish, in particular, saw a 12% rise, achieving its highest entry level since at least 2016. This surge has helped stabilize foreign language entries, as Spanish narrows the gap with French.

State schools demonstrated improved performance in top grades and pass rates compared to their pre-pandemic results, while independent schools experienced a decline in proportionate top grades compared to 2019. This trend suggests a leveling of the advantage independent schools gained during the pandemic, likely due to their unique mix of offered qualifications.

In summary, as students celebrate their GCSE accomplishments, the results shed light on both ongoing inequalities and the intricate dynamics within the education landscape.