All Minecraft biomes, explained


The randomly generated world of Minecraft has always been vast, but Mojang has continuously expanded it by adding more diverse elements to discover. Over the years, we’ve seen the introduction of new items, recipes, monsters, animals, and entire biomes. Biomes are particularly exciting as they bring new ecosystems, rekindling the joy of exploration. Today, we have many more than the basic few that the game originally launched with. Let’s explore the unique characteristics of each biome.


Minecraft Biomes list

  • Plains
  • Forest
  • Caves
  • Jungle
  • Cherry Grove
  • Desert
  • Savannah
  • Taiga
  • Swamp
  • Beach
  • Ocean
  • River
  • Badlands
  • Mushroom Fields
  • The End
  • The Nether


Minecraft Biomes explained


Plains are the default biome in Minecraft, characterized by clear grasslands with basic trees, dirt, stone, flowers, and animals like chickens, cows, donkeys, horses, pigs, rabbits, and sheep. Hostile mobs include creepers, skeletons, spiders, zombies, witches, endermen, and occasionally slimes. Snowy plains also feature polar bears.



Forests are abundant and varied, including birch forests, dark forests, flower forests, and old growth forests. They are rich in birch and oak logs, leaves, grass, flowers, peonies, and rose bushes. Flower forests also contain Allium and bee nests, while dark forests have dark oak logs and mushroom blocks. Wildlife includes chickens, cows, pigs, rabbits, sheep, and wolves (except in birch and old growth forests). Hostile mobs are similar to those in the plains.



Caves come in lush, dripstone, and deep dark variations. Unique resources include flowering azalea leaves, moss blocks, dripleaf, spore blossom, glow berries, dripstone, and sculk. Caves host many mobs, with the deep dark being home to the fearsome warden.



Jungles are dense with vines, ferns, jungle logs, cocoa, melons, bamboo, and oak. Wildlife includes ocelots, parrots, pandas, chickens, sheep, pigs, and cows. Besides the usual hostile mobs, slimes can also be found here.


Cherry Grove

Cherry groves are filled with pink flowers and trees, making them visually striking. This biome is the best place to find cherry logs and leaves, pink petals, and bees. There are no unique hostile mobs here.



Deserts are flat and sandy, featuring cacti, dead bushes, sandstone, and husks (which replace zombies). Standard mobs can also spawn here.



Savannahs resemble dried-out plains with more natural growth, mainly grass, tall grass, and acacia and oak logs. Besides the default mobs, you can find pigs, cows, horses, donkeys, sheep, and chickens.



Taigas are similar to forests but include unique resources like ferns, large ferns, sweet berry bushes, and spruce logs. Animals include sheep, chickens, pigs, cows, foxes, wolves, and rabbits, alongside the usual hostile mobs.



Swamps feature shallow ponds, lily pads, clay, vines, blue orchids, and mushrooms. Mangrove swamps add mangrove logs, propagules, moss, roots, and mud blocks. Regular mobs spawn here, with more witches in huts, and animals like sheep, chickens, pigs, cows, and frogs.



Beaches are sandy edges of the water with sand, sandstone, gravel, clay, and sugar cane. Turtles are the notable wildlife here. Standard mobs also appear.



Oceans vary widely (deep, warm, lukewarm, cold, frozen) but generally contain gravel, sand, dirt, clay, seagrass, and kelp. Marine life includes dolphins, squids, cod, and other fish, depending on the ocean type.



Rivers are distinct from other water biomes due to their flowing source blocks. They contain grass, dirt, clay, sand, gravel, seagrass, and sugar cane. Drowned, salmon, and squids are common here, along with usual mobs.



Badlands are visually striking with their bright orange and red colors. They are rich in red sand, terracotta, gold, and cactus. No special mobs are found here beyond the usual ones.


Mushroom Fields

Mushroom fields are rare and unique, offering mycelium and mushroom blocks. They are home to the eerie mooshrooms.


The End

The End is primarily for fighting the Ender Dragon, but also contains end stone, chorus plants, and chorus flowers. The biome is filled with endermen.


The Nether

The Nether now includes wastes, soul sand valleys, and forest types. Resources include netherrack, glowstone, soul sand, nether quartz, nether gold, magma, lava, bone blocks, and more. It’s a dangerous place with piglins, zombified piglins, ghasts, magma cubes, endermen, striders, and hoglins.

Each biome in Minecraft brings unique resources, wildlife, and challenges, making exploration endlessly exciting.